This project is proposed to a potential buyer of the rights to use the technology of obtaining fiber from rocks.
“Mountain Composites” ® - techno-hub accumulating knowledge, experience, innovations, creative ideas in the field of creating high-tech composite materials from rocks.
A key role in the development of creative potential is played by the engineering company "Kibol" ®, whose strategic goal is the development and implementation of technologies for the production of continuous basalt fibers and composite materials based on them.
For the first time in the world, at "Sudogodsky Fiberglass" (Russia) by "Kibol" ®, the process of producing continuous basalt fiber was worked out and implemented, and since the mid-90s their industrial production has been adjusted.
The manufactured products made the "Basalt revolution", they were tested in many countries of the world and received positive reviews about basalt composite materials in many segments of the market, which was the impetus for the creation of continuous basalt fiber technology around the world.
Today there are two different approaches to the production of continuous basalt fiber:
- Fiber producers with “big furnaces” using 6-10 production outputs, this technology is used by “Kameniy Vek” (Russia) and “Azamer” (Austria)
- The production of basalt fiber on modular furnaces of small size, designed for 1-2 outputs. The rest producers use this technology.
The most successful manufacturer is "Kameniy Vek", the leader in terms of production of continuous basalt fiber in the world. At this enterprise all technical documentation was transferred and experts were invited from "Sudogodsky Fiberglass" without any agreement with the author and developer of the technology.
The use of second approach cannot guarantee the reproducibility of batch-to-batch fiber properties, especially for companies that are interested in purchasing large batches of product.
A limiting factor for the widespread use of basalt fiber is the instability of technical characteristics. These fibers feel “comfortable” up to 600 ° C, they cannot compete with expensive high-modular glass-S, Advantex, carbon fibers.
A new approach to the use of rocks.
An experimental batch of continuous fiber from andesite rock, which belongs to the middle group, was obtained at "Sudogodskoe Fiberglass". Studies have shown that all indicators of the quality of andesitic continuous fiber is higher than that of continuous basalt fiber.
The technology is protected by a number of patents of the Russian Federation, Ukraine, the United States of America, Canada, Japan, Germany, Austria, Great Britain, Australia, China, which makes it possible to obtain solicate fillers, which are a serious competitor to carbon-ceramic composite materials, unknown to the world.
The low oxidative stability of carbon fibers limits their use. For their effective use in composites, it is necessary to use an integrated protection system that prevents the interaction of carbon with oxygen, while spending huge amounts of money. So would it not be better to direct them to the creation of “Mountain Composites” ® which are obtained from melts of multicomponent oxides donated to us by nature itself, by directing the natural systems without chemical separation of individual components, which is one of the methods of energy saving and protection of nature.
If in the 90s a “glove was thrown” to the giant E-glass and weakened its influence, for example, in the automotive industry, the day is not far when multi-component ceramics made of aluminosilicates will weaken carbon fiber.
Since the production of such silicates in the world is absent, the organization of pilot production of silicate fillers is quite relevant.
In "Kibol" ® modules, using high-silicate rocks, is geting continuous, staple, chopped, coarse fibers. The development of silicate nanofillers is also underway. These fibers already contain nanoparticles that have formed in the vent of a volcano. To increase the number of nanoparticles, these types of fibers are subjected to additional mechanical stress. As a result of this impact, a nanoandesitic powder is obtained in which up to 5% of natural layered silicate is added, which has a flat topology of silicate nanoparticles that contribute to two-dimensional reinforcement. That allows to increase the modulus of elasticity 1.5-3.0 times in comparison with the known analogues. The resulting powders are a serious competition to expensive carbon-ceramic composite materials, similar developments are not conducted anywhere in the world and in the Russian Federation, so this is a fundamentally new product on the Russian market too.
We assume the use of developed fibers, powders in the military, automotive, space industry, shipbuilding, road construction, the production of medical equipment and many others.